Child Custody Modification
Factors in Child Custody Modification
The most significant – and most important – factor in a motion to modify custody agreements is the best interest of the child. If both parents agree to a custody modification, if there has been denial or interference with parenting time, or if the child is emotionally or physically endangered, the court will hear your petition for a child custody modification. Once there has been a custody modification, there cannot be a motion to modify child custody for two years. If parents have legal joint custody, the process for custody modification is the same as a motion to modify custody for the primary caregiver. It is important to contact a local, qualified child custody attorney to assist with the process to modify custody.
Contested Changes to Modify Custody
In many cases, parents do not agree to the change in the child custody agreement. In these cases, there are certain circumstances in which the child custody agreement can be changed. This may be a circumstance to modify custody of the child. For example, the child has not been “consentingly” integrated into their non-custodial family. To change the custody award, it must be proved that the child is endangered in the custodial family. A child custody attorney can assist in filing a motion to modify child custody and help understand your parental rights.
Child Endangerment in Child Custody Modification Cases
The circumstances in which a child may be removed from the custodial parent’s custody and file a petition for modified custody include:
- The child’s wishes to live with the non-custodial parent combined with some additional evidence of the endangerment
- Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by the custodial parent
- Neglect or very poor discipline in the custodial home adversely affects the child’s education or behavior
There is typically a petition for modified custody because of a combination of the above events. It is rare for the court to approve a modification solely on the child’s preference, but it does happen. In Minnesota, there is no specific age at which a child may request to change which parent they live with. But the older they are, the more their preference is considered. The child’s preference cannot be the sole reason they are removed from one of the parent’s homes. Proof of endangerment is still necessary. An experienced child custody attorney can help gather and submit endangerment proof.
Professionals Involved in a Motion to Modify Custody
Having an independent third party (such as a mental health professional) is in your best interest. There are also other individuals that may be involved in your motion to modify custody; your child custody attorney can help with the selection and necessitation of those individuals. They can help you establish the child’s preference and the reasons for that preference. Keep your child custody attorney involved and apprised of the situation as the process and details vary from case to case. This will also allow you to memorialize any documents made as a court order by submitting them to the judge for approval from the court. Unofficial agreements are generally not enforceable. An experienced child custody attorney will know the procedure to follow in this case to modify custody.